Lafayette is a large city located inside of the Vermilion River inside of the southwest part of Louisiana. It is the fourth biggest city in the state and enjoys a population of 120,623 residents. The town was founded in 1821 as Vermilionville by an Acadian man named Jean Mouton. It was renamed in honor of General Lafayette in 1884 to honor his efforts in the American Revolutionary War. The economy of the city was based on agriculture until natural gas and petroleum became dominant in the 1940's. This area is highly influenced by the Louisiana Creole.